Ancient Time Of Uttarakhand?
The earliest mention of Uttarakhand in ancient time comes from the Rigveda, in which the term Devbhoomi or the holy land of sages is used for Uttarakhand of ancient time. Kedarkhand is the Manas Khand of the present Kumaon region and Kedarkhand is the present Garhwal region.
The boundary between Manas Khand and Kedarkhand is the Nanda Devi mountain peak in the ancient times of Uttarakhand and if we look at Manas Khand and Kedarkhand jointly then in the Puranas of Uttarakhand this region is known as Khasdesh, Brahmapur, and ancient Uttarakhand in ancient times known by other names.
In those texts of Buddhist literature written in the Pali language in the ancient time of Uttarakhand, Uttarakhand has been called Himwant in ancient times.
The ancient time of Uttarakhand took place in the period from 2500 B.C. to 1700 A.D. The province of Uttarakhand was divided into two parts- North and South Uttarakhand.
This part was also called Uttaranchal and it included the present state of Uttaranchal and some parts of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. The culture in this region is traced back to the Harrapan civilization and the Vedic Civilization which have influenced its architecture, language, dress, customs, crafts, art forms, etc., giving it a unique identity among other regions of India.
It is also called the Garhwal Kingdom or the Garhwal Kingdom after its capital Garhwal town. The ancient time of Uttarakhand nickname is Devbhoomi which means the land of the gods. Ancient time Uttarakhand is also known as Uttaranchal and Queen City.
Uttarakhand was established on 9th November 2000. Uttarakhand is a mountainous state with China in the north and Nepal in the west. Himachal Pradesh in the North West and Uttar Pradesh in the South. The population of Uttarakhand is 11.4 million with the help of Unique Identification Aadhaar India.
Pushkar Singh Dhami is the Chief Minister of Uttarakhand. Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, and Yamunotri These Char Dham’s are located in Uttarakhand. Uttarakhand has the second-highest peak in India called Nanda Devi.
The Love Story Of King Dushyant And Shakuntala
In some other ancient times texts also Badri’s ashram has been called Tapobhoomi Swarga. Whereas the word Kurmanchal was commonly used for Kumaon.
In the Puranas of ancient time of Uttarakhand Badrikashram and Kanva Ashram located in two famous Vidyapeeths in the Garhwal region and probably from this ashram the Pauri Garhwal area itself was called Badrikashram and Kanva Ashram which is situated on the banks of Malini river which was the love story of King Dushyant and Shakuntala.
At the time of ancient Uttarakhand his son, Bharat was born in this ashram from whose name India got the name of our country. You must have also heard the story of a lion losing its teeth in childhood and the great poet Kalidas also composed it his famous work was the epic Abhigyan Shakuntala.
Ancient Time Of Uttarakhand Emperor Ashoka
One of the inscriptions of the ancient Uttarakhand time of Emperor Ashoka, the Kalsi inscription has been obtained from a place called Kalsi situated at the confluence of Yamuna and Tons River on the north-western border which is written in Pali language and in it Emperor Ashoka has said that I have found human and human beings everywhere in the kingdom.
Arrangements have been made for the treatment of animals apart from this we also get to know from the time that the northern boundary of the kingdom of Emperor Ashoka was at this place and the people of this place used to come under the Maurya Empire.
The people of this place are mentioned in the Kalsi inscription at the time of ancient Uttarakhand. It is called Pulinda and the name of this region is mentioned as Aparanta.
The First Political Power To Rule Ancient Time Of Uttarakhand
The first political power to rule ancient Uttarakhand was the Kudind dynasty. It is believed to have been under the Maurya Empire. probably the Pulinda people who are also mentioned in the Kalsi inscriptions from the time of ancient Uttarakhand, and later they the most powerful was called Kudind.
The king of the Kudind dynasty was Amoghabhuti, and his silver coins were written in the Prakrit language. During the time of ancient Uttarakhand, he built many sun temples here of which the Sun temple of Katarmal located near Kosi in Almora is the most famous.
After these Kushans, the people of the Nag dynasty and then the Mokhari dynasty ruled here for some time and then this the area became under King Harshvardhan.
Uttarakhand King Harshvardhan
During the time of King Harshavardhana, Banabhatta wrote his famous book Harshacharita and at the same time the Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang came to Uttarakhand and in his book Si Yu Ki, Uttarakhand was called Po Li Hi Mo Pu Lo and Haridwar as Mo Yu Lo.
It is also written in this region of Uttarakhand of ancient times that Buddhism is predominant in this region. Uttarakhand is called Brahmapur and Haridwar as Mayurpur in Harshacharita. Brahmapur and Mayurpur are the ancient time of Uttarakhand and Haridwar itself were confirmed by the English historian Carnigam.
Uttarakhand Ancient Time Of Katyuri Dynasty
In 648 AD Uttarakhand once again established a new dynasty herein. About 700 AD, the Kartikeyapur dynasty and in the initial about 300 yr was. Until this dynasty made a place called Kartikeya Pur at Joshimath in Chamoli district as its capital. But in the meantime, a new Parmar or Panwar dynasty began to emerge in Garhwal, due to which they came into defensive mode and their ancient time of Uttarakhand capital shifted towards Kumaon and Alamo.
Established his new capital in Katyuri valley situated between Baijnath of Bageshwar in the ancient time of Uttarakhand. The official language was Sanskrit and the common colloquial folk language was Pali. During the reign of the Kartikeya Pura dynasty Adi Guru Shankaracharya came to Uttarakhand, he Ended the influence of widespread Buddhism and restored the Badrinath temple and Kedarnath temple.
But it is also believed that the earlier Badrinath temple was a Buddhist monastery built during the ancient time of the Uttarakhand Emperor Ashoka. Four temples are located in the four corners of India. One of this Maths is of Jyotirlinga. He founded it here and died in Kedarnath in 820 AD.
Historically it is believed that the dynasties of Uttarakhand especially Kumaon and the first ruler of this dynasty was Raja Basant Dev. Who assumed the title of the supreme devotee Dwaraka Maharajadhiraja Parameshwara, the major branches of the Rajvar dynasty of Askot and the Malla dynasty of Doli. Meanwhile, King Ashoka Chal of western Nepal invaded and annexed parts of the Katyuri kingdom in 1191 AD.
The last ruler of this dynasty also had Viramdev or Bir Dev. At the same time in 1398, Timur Lang invaded India and confronted Brahmadeva at Haridwar, but in this battle, Brahmadeva was killed. Thus the Katyuri dynasty of the ancient time of Uttarakhand came to an end.
The First Ruler Or Founder Of Ancient Time Of Uttarakhand
In the region, one dynasty was gradually strengthening its hold. And as soon as the Katyuri dynasty came to an end in the fourteenth century, this dynasty was established throughout the Kumaon region, this dynasty being the Chand dynasty.
The first ruler or founder of the ancient time of Uttarakhand the Chand dynasty was Thohar Chand. His capital was Champawat. In the ancient time of Uttarakhand, the state symbol of the Chand kings was the cow, and their coins, seals, and flags all had the symbol of the cow. A Chand king Bhishmachand thought of changing his capital from Champawat to Almora and for this purpose, he built the Khagmra fort in Almora.
But as soon as Khagmra fort was ready in 1560, Bhishma Chand died, and then in 1563, Balu Kalyan Chand changed his capital from Champawat to Almora. Along with this, he built the fort of Lal Mandi and Malla Mahal in Almora in the ancient time of Uttarakhand. Thus Balo Kalyan Chand settled the city of Almora.
Mughal literature like Jahangir and Shahnama shows that Chand kings also had links with the Mughal Empire. In 1790 the Gorkhas defeated Raja Mahendra Chandra, the last ruler of the Chandra dynasty, and thus captured the Surya region of the Chandra dynasty.
Kanak And Ajay Pal
By the ninth century, the Garhwal region was divided into 52 small. Big states and the kings of all those states had built forts in their respective states. At that time Kanak Pal a ruler of Gujarat came here and settled here after marrying the daughter of Bhanu Pratap. Thus in 888 AD, Kanak Pal established the Parmar or Panwar dynasty in this ancient time Uttarakhand Garhwal region.
And Chandpur Garh i.e., the present Gairsain of Chamoli made it his capital. The 37th ruler of the Parmar dynasty, Ajay Pal, conquered all the rest of the Gads in 1515 and created a new Garh, which he named Garhwal. Devalgarh and Srinagar were established in 1517. The ruler of this dynasty Balabhadra was given the title of Shah by the Lodhi ruler Bahlol Lodi of Delhi Sultanate.
Ancient Time Of Rani Karnavati
An interesting incident happened in the ancient time of Uttarakhand after Mahipati Shah’s death in 1636 his young adult son Prithvi Pati Shah ascended the throne. But because he was a young adult Queen Karnavati was made his patron. Attacked the valley that attacks now thwarted by Rani Karnavati’s understanding.
As well as taking captive some Mughal soldiers, whose noses were cut off on the queen’s orders. She has since been known as Rani Karnavati. Nak Kati Rani after capturing the Kumaon region. The Gorkhas also attacked Garhwal in 1791 but were defeated and again in 1803 when Garhwal was hit by a severe earthquake.
The Gorkhas attacked Garhwal and this time he was successful in capturing some part. Now the area of Kumaon and Garhwal of the ancient time of Uttarakhand came under the Gorkhas.
Ruler Of Ancient Time Of Uttarakhand British Governor Lord Hastings
Pradyuman Shah’s first son Sudarshan Shah sought help from the British Governor Lord Hastings and he helped. In October 1814, the British sent an army against the Gurkhas and in early 1815, Garhwal once again became independent.
But the British occupied the eastern part of Garhwal, failing to pay 700,000 war expenses to Sudsanshah. Forced to relocate the army, the capital Tehri would have to be established from Srinagar and thus this Jahangir of the Parmar dynasty was now called Tehri princely state.
Followed by the British in 1815 from the Gurkhas in Kumaon and on 28 November 1815 Champaran Bihar won a victory between the British and the Gurkhas. The Treaty of Sangli took place, although it was implemented in March. After 1816, almost the entire area of Kumaon and Garhwal ancient time of Uttarakhand, except the princely state of Tehri, came under the British.